College Bests

400
100H
17.05 (-2.3)
600
400H
600Y
5K (XC)
800
6K (XC)
60H
  
NCAA Division II Outdoor Track & Field Championships    May 23-25, 2019
4x400 3:39.60 3rd  (P)
MIAA Championships    May 3-5, 2019
400H 1:01.37 5th  (F)
400H 1:02.03 7th  (P)
4x400 3:37.80 1st  (F)
Drake Relays presented by Hy-Vee    Apr 24-27, 2019
400H 1:08.74 22nd  (F)
4x400 3:41.70 1st  (F)
1600SMR 4:08.48 10th  (F)
Kansas Relays    Apr 17-20, 2019
400H 1:02.64 5th  (F)
400H 1:03.07 4th  (P)
4x400 3:39.53 1st  (F)
4x400 3:44.14 2nd  (P)
William Jewell Darryl Gourley Invite    Apr 13, 2019
400H 1:03.57 2nd  (F)
Mizzou Spring Open    Apr 6, 2019
400H 1:02.98 2nd  (F)
4x400 3:41.45 1st  (F)
Washington University St. Louis Mini Meet    Mar 23, 2019
400H DNF  
4x400 3:39.88 1st  (F)
Central Methodist Open    Mar 16, 2019
400H 1:06.39 1st  (F)
MIAA Indoor Track & Field Championships    Feb 22-24, 2019
600 yd 1:25.02 1st  (F)
600 yd 1:25.86 3rd  (P)
4x400 3:41.71 1st  (F)
DMR 12:30.98 5th  (F)
2019 Bearcat Invite    Feb 8-9, 2019
600 yd 1:26.25 3rd  (F)
4x400 3:55.65 4th  (F)
2019 St. Louis Collegiate Indoor Classic    Feb 1-2, 2019
400 1:01.91 2nd  (F)
DMR 12:48.97 1st  (F)
2019 Jayhawk Classic    Jan 25-26, 2019
600 yd 1:27.52 5th  (F)
4x400 3:45.38 1st  (F)
Rumble in the Jungle Invitational    Jan 18, 2019
600 yd 1:28.48 6th  (F)
4x400 3:53.33 2nd  (F)
2018 Mel Tjeerdsma Classic    Dec 7-8, 2018
400 59.10 8th  (F)
800 2:26.05 6th  (F)
4x400 3:40.76 1st  (F)
Bob Timmons Challenge    Nov 30, 2018
600 yd 1:29.38 2nd  (F)
4x400 3:48.11 1st  (F)
2018 MIAA Cross Country Championships    Nov 3, 2018
6K 32:53.7 109th
Gary Stoner Invitational    Oct 6, 2018
5K 24:44.5 35th
Forest Park Cross Country Festival    Sep 7, 2018
5K 24:14.7 27th
NCAA Division II Outdoor Track & Field Championships    May 24-26, 2018
400H 1:00.61 10th  (P)
4x400 3:38.17 3rd  (F)
4x400 3:39.39 3rd  (P)
Sam Williams Twilight Qualifier    May 12, 2018
400H 1:01.33 1st  (F)
Missouri Southern Twilight Qualifier    May 11, 2018
400H 1:02.28 1st  (F)
2018 MIAA Outdoor Championships    May 4-6, 2018
400H 1:00.66 3rd  (F)
400H 1:00.66 3rd  (P)
4x400 3:43.50 1st  (F)
2018 Drake Relays presented by Hy-Vee    Apr 25-28, 2018
400H 1:01.29 11th  (F)
4x400 3:38.83 1st  (F)
4x400 3:42.94 1st  (P)
Drake Relays presented by Hy-Vee    Apr 25-28, 2018
400H 1:01.29 11th  (F)
4x400 3:38.83 1st  (F)
4x400 3:42.94 1st  (P)
Lindenwood Dual    Apr 24, 2018
100H 17.05 (-2.3) 5th  (F)
400H 1:01.50 2nd  (F)
4x400 4:08.60 2nd  (F)
Mo. S&T Dewey Allgood Invite    Apr 21, 2018
400H 1:02.18 1st  (F)
UCM Mule Relays    Apr 20, 2018
400H 1:02.92 1st  (F)
4x400 3:41.83 1st  (F)
Illinois State Redbird Invitational    Apr 14, 2018
400H 1:01.99 1st  (F)
SBU Invite    Apr 7, 2018
400H 1:02.71 1st  (F)
4x400 3:46.56 1st  (F)
Lindenwood John Creer Invitational    Mar 30-31, 2018
400H 1:03.05 1st  (F)
4x400 3:47.49 1st  (F)
Wash U Mini Meet    Mar 24, 2018
400H 1:03.26 1st  (F)
4x400 3:48.35 1st  (F)
MIAA Indoor Track & Field Championships    Feb 23-25, 2018
600 yd 1:25.84 6th  (F)
600 yd 1:25.65 7th  (P)
4x400 3:48.35 3rd  (F)
UCM Classic    Feb 16, 2018
600 yd 1:28.29 6th  (F)
3rd Annual Indoor Gorilla Classic    Feb 9-10, 2018
600 yd 1:28.13 14th  (F)
800 2:29.18 43rd  (F)
4x400 DNF  
MSSU Lion Open & Multi    Feb 2-3, 2018
600 yd 1:30.35 1st  (F)
4x400 3:58.54 1st  (F)
2018 Jayhawk Classic    Jan 25-26, 2018
600 yd 1:32.21 1st  (F)
4x400 3:54.20 1st  (F)
Crimson & Gold Invitational    Dec 9, 2017
400 DNF  
2017 Bob Timmons Challenge    Dec 2, 2017
600 yd 1:30.34 5th  (F)
60H 10.24 17th  (F)
MIAA XC Conference Championships    Oct 21, 2017
6K 33:03.6 103rd
Missouri Southern Stampede    Sep 16, 2017
5K 24:19.8 210th
Southwest Baptist XC Invite    Sep 2, 2017
5K 24:09.1 65th
NCAA Division II Outdoor Track & Field Championships    May 25-27, 2017
400H 1:01.36 15th  (P)
4x400 3:38.54 3rd  (F)
4x400 3:39.94 5th  (P)
MIAA Outdoor Championships    May 5-7, 2017
400H 1:00.26 3rd  (F)
400H 1:00.80 4th  (P)
4x400 3:41.92 2nd  (F)
2017 Drake Relays presented by Hy-Vee    Apr 26-29, 2017
4x400 3:49.55 5th  (F)
4x400 3:49.01 1st  (P)
1600SMR 4:05.23 4th  (F)
Kansas Relays    Apr 19-22, 2017
400H 1:03.19 5th  (F)
400H 1:03.55 7th  (P)
4x400 3:44.61 3rd  (F)
4x400 3:46.05 1st  (P)
WJC Darrel Gourley Open    Apr 15, 2017
400H 1:02.65 1st  (F)
4x400 3:48.45 1st  (F)
Gateway Classic    Apr 8, 2017
400H 1:01.45 1st  (F)
Lindenwood John Creer Invitational    Apr 1, 2017
400H 1:02.81 1st  (F)
Wash U Mini Meet    Mar 24, 2017
400H DNF  
NCAA Division II Indoor Track & Field Championships    Mar 9-11, 2017
4x400 3:43.78 3rd  (F)
MIAA Indoor Track & Field Championships    Feb 24-26, 2017
600 yd 1:25.52 2nd  (F)
600 yd 1:26.41 2nd  (P)
4x400 3:49.59 1st  (F)
2017 Nebraska Tune-Up    Feb 17, 2017
4x400 3:45.64 1st  (F)
2017 Hoosier Hills    Feb 10, 2017
600 1:37.64 3rd  (F)
4x400 4:15.04 5th  (F)
Hillsdale "Wide-Track" Classic    Feb 3-4, 2017
400 1:00.16 11th  (F)
4x400 3:57.47 3rd  (F)
Pittsburg State Invitational    Jan 28, 2017
400 58.94 24th  (F)
4x400 DNF  
Missouri Invitational    Jan 20, 2017
800 2:29.70 19th  (F)
4x400 4:01.72 5th  (F)
Crimson & Gold Invitational    Dec 10, 2016
400 59.52 15th  (F)
4x400 3:51.04 3rd  (F)
MIAA Championships    Oct 22, 2016
6K 33:37.3 91st
Missouri S&T XC Invite    Oct 8, 2016
6K 31:28.7 79th
Maryville University Six Flags Open    Sep 17, 2016
5K 25:54.3 77th
Gary Stoner Invitational    Sep 10, 2016
5K 27:24.5 26th
SBU XC Invite    Sep 2, 2016
5K 26:16.6 69th
Central Methodist Open    Mar 19, 2016
400H 1:04.72 2nd  (F)
2016 MIAA Indoor Championships    Feb 26-28, 2016
400 57.85 9th  (P)
800 2:13.84 4th  (F)
800 2:19.34 8th  (P)
Missouri Collegiate Challenge    Feb 19, 2016
400 57.97 1st  (F)
DMR 12:19.59 2nd  (F)
Fred Wilt Invitational    Feb 13, 2016
800 2:17.00 5th  (F)
4x400 3:58.17 3rd  (F)
2016 Hoosier Hills Invitational    Feb 12, 2016
DMR 12:08.88 3rd  (F)
UCM Mule Relays    Feb 5-6, 2016
800 2:21.57 2nd  (F)
4x400 3:55.41 1st  (F)
Pittsburg State Invitational    Jan 29, 2016
800 2:18.82 13th  (F)
DMR 12:17.47 3rd  (F)
MSSU Southern Invite    Jan 22-23, 2016
600 yd 1:27.19 3rd  (F)
4x400 3:53.15 1st  (F)
DMR 12:37.17 2nd  (F)
Missouri Invitational    Jan 15, 2016
800 2:27.23 3rd  (F)
4x400 4:04.62 3rd  (F)
Crimson & Gold Invitational    Dec 5, 2015
400 59.99 6th  (F)
4x400 3:45.48 1st  (F)
MIAA Cross Country Championships    Oct 24, 2015
6K 34:42.3 94th
Missouri S&T XC Invitational    Oct 10, 2015
5K 27:41.8 40th
400 Meters (Indoor)
Top↑
2019 St. Louis Collegiate Indoor Classic Feb 1-2, 2019
2018 Mel Tjeerdsma Classic Dec 7-8, 2018
DNF
Crimson & Gold Invitational Dec 9, 2017
Hillsdale "Wide-Track" Classic Feb 3-4, 2017
Pittsburg State Invitational Jan 28, 2017
Crimson & Gold Invitational Dec 10, 2016
2016 MIAA Indoor Championships Feb 26-28, 2016
Missouri Collegiate Challenge Feb 19, 2016
Crimson & Gold Invitational Dec 5, 2015
600 Meters (Indoor)
Top↑
2017 Hoosier Hills Feb 10, 2017
600 Yards (Indoor)
Top↑
MIAA Indoor Track & Field Championships Feb 22-24, 2019
MIAA Indoor Track & Field Championships Feb 22-24, 2019
2019 Bearcat Invite Feb 8-9, 2019
2019 Jayhawk Classic Jan 25-26, 2019
Rumble in the Jungle Invitational Jan 18, 2019
Bob Timmons Challenge Nov 30, 2018
MIAA Indoor Track & Field Championships Feb 23-25, 2018
MIAA Indoor Track & Field Championships Feb 23-25, 2018
UCM Classic Feb 16, 2018
3rd Annual Indoor Gorilla Classic Feb 9-10, 2018
MSSU Lion Open & Multi Feb 2-3, 2018
2018 Jayhawk Classic Jan 25-26, 2018
2017 Bob Timmons Challenge Dec 2, 2017
MIAA Indoor Track & Field Championships Feb 24-26, 2017
MIAA Indoor Track & Field Championships Feb 24-26, 2017
MSSU Southern Invite Jan 22-23, 2016
800 Meters (Indoor)
Top↑
2018 Mel Tjeerdsma Classic Dec 7-8, 2018
3rd Annual Indoor Gorilla Classic Feb 9-10, 2018
Missouri Invitational Jan 20, 2017
2016 MIAA Indoor Championships Feb 26-28, 2016
2016 MIAA Indoor Championships Feb 26-28, 2016
Fred Wilt Invitational Feb 13, 2016
UCM Mule Relays Feb 5-6, 2016
Pittsburg State Invitational Jan 29, 2016
Missouri Invitational Jan 15, 2016
5k (XC)
Top↑
Gary Stoner Invitational Oct 6, 2018
Forest Park Cross Country Festival Sep 7, 2018
Missouri Southern Stampede Sep 16, 2017
Southwest Baptist XC Invite Sep 2, 2017
Maryville University Six Flags Open Sep 17, 2016
Gary Stoner Invitational Sep 10, 2016
SBU XC Invite Sep 2, 2016
Missouri S&T XC Invitational Oct 10, 2015
6k (XC)
Top↑
2018 MIAA Cross Country Championships Nov 3, 2018
MIAA XC Conference Championships Oct 21, 2017
MIAA Championships Oct 22, 2016
Missouri S&T XC Invite Oct 8, 2016
MIAA Cross Country Championships Oct 24, 2015
60 Hurdles (Indoor)
Top↑
2017 Bob Timmons Challenge Dec 2, 2017
100 Hurdles (Outdoor)
Top↑
17.05 (-2.3)
Lindenwood Dual Apr 24, 2018
400 Hurdles (Outdoor)
Top↑
MIAA Championships May 3-5, 2019
MIAA Championships May 3-5, 2019
Drake Relays presented by Hy-Vee Apr 24-27, 2019
Kansas Relays Apr 17-20, 2019
Kansas Relays Apr 17-20, 2019
William Jewell Darryl Gourley Invite Apr 13, 2019
Mizzou Spring Open Apr 6, 2019
DNF
Washington University St. Louis Mini Meet Mar 23, 2019
Central Methodist Open Mar 16, 2019
NCAA Division II Outdoor Track & Field Championships May 24-26, 2018
Sam Williams Twilight Qualifier May 12, 2018
Missouri Southern Twilight Qualifier May 11, 2018
2018 MIAA Outdoor Championships May 4-6, 2018
2018 MIAA Outdoor Championships May 4-6, 2018
2018 Drake Relays presented by Hy-Vee Apr 25-28, 2018
Drake Relays presented by Hy-Vee Apr 25-28, 2018
Lindenwood Dual Apr 24, 2018
Mo. S&T Dewey Allgood Invite Apr 21, 2018
UCM Mule Relays Apr 20, 2018
Illinois State Redbird Invitational Apr 14, 2018
SBU Invite Apr 7, 2018
Lindenwood John Creer Invitational Mar 30-31, 2018
Wash U Mini Meet Mar 24, 2018
NCAA Division II Outdoor Track & Field Championships May 25-27, 2017
MIAA Outdoor Championships May 5-7, 2017
MIAA Outdoor Championships May 5-7, 2017
Kansas Relays Apr 19-22, 2017
Kansas Relays Apr 19-22, 2017
WJC Darrel Gourley Open Apr 15, 2017
Gateway Classic Apr 8, 2017
Lindenwood John Creer Invitational Apr 1, 2017
DNF
Wash U Mini Meet Mar 24, 2017
Central Methodist Open Mar 19, 2016

2019 Outdoors

400 Hurdles
NCAA Division II Outdoor Track & Field Championships May 23-25, 2019
MIAA Championships May 3-5, 2019
MIAA Championships May 3-5, 2019
MIAA Championships May 3-5, 2019
Drake Relays presented by Hy-Vee Apr 24-27, 2019
Drake Relays presented by Hy-Vee Apr 24-27, 2019
Kansas Relays Apr 17-20, 2019
Kansas Relays Apr 17-20, 2019
Kansas Relays Apr 17-20, 2019
Kansas Relays Apr 17-20, 2019
William Jewell Darryl Gourley Invite Apr 13, 2019
Mizzou Spring Open Apr 6, 2019
Mizzou Spring Open Apr 6, 2019
DNF
Washington University St. Louis Mini Meet Mar 23, 2019
Washington University St. Louis Mini Meet Mar 23, 2019
Central Methodist Open Mar 16, 2019
4 x 400 Relay
NCAA Division II Outdoor Track & Field Championships May 23-25, 2019
MIAA Championships May 3-5, 2019
Drake Relays presented by Hy-Vee Apr 24-27, 2019
Kansas Relays Apr 17-20, 2019
Kansas Relays Apr 17-20, 2019
Mizzou Spring Open Apr 6, 2019
Washington University St. Louis Mini Meet Mar 23, 2019
Sprint Medley Relay
Drake Relays presented by Hy-Vee Apr 24-27, 2019

2019 Indoors

400 Meters
2019 St. Louis Collegiate Indoor Classic Feb 1-2, 2019
2018 Mel Tjeerdsma Classic Dec 7-8, 2018
600 Yards
MIAA Indoor Track & Field Championships Feb 22-24, 2019
MIAA Indoor Track & Field Championships Feb 22-24, 2019
2019 Bearcat Invite Feb 8-9, 2019
2019 Jayhawk Classic Jan 25-26, 2019
Rumble in the Jungle Invitational Jan 18, 2019
Bob Timmons Challenge Nov 30, 2018
800 Meters
2018 Mel Tjeerdsma Classic Dec 7-8, 2018
4 x 400 Relay
MIAA Indoor Track & Field Championships Feb 22-24, 2019
2019 Bearcat Invite Feb 8-9, 2019
2019 Jayhawk Classic Jan 25-26, 2019
Rumble in the Jungle Invitational Jan 18, 2019
2018 Mel Tjeerdsma Classic Dec 7-8, 2018
Bob Timmons Challenge Nov 30, 2018
Distance Medley Relay
MIAA Indoor Track & Field Championships Feb 22-24, 2019
2019 St. Louis Collegiate Indoor Classic Feb 1-2, 2019

2018 XC

2018 Outdoors

100 Hurdles
17.05 (-2.3)
Lindenwood Dual Apr 24, 2018
400 Hurdles
NCAA Division II Outdoor Track & Field Championships May 24-26, 2018
NCAA Division II Outdoor Track & Field Championships May 24-26, 2018
NCAA Division II Outdoor Track & Field Championships May 24-26, 2018
Sam Williams Twilight Qualifier May 12, 2018
Missouri Southern Twilight Qualifier May 11, 2018
2018 MIAA Outdoor Championships May 4-6, 2018
2018 MIAA Outdoor Championships May 4-6, 2018
2018 MIAA Outdoor Championships May 4-6, 2018
2018 Drake Relays presented by Hy-Vee Apr 25-28, 2018
2018 Drake Relays presented by Hy-Vee Apr 25-28, 2018
2018 Drake Relays presented by Hy-Vee Apr 25-28, 2018
Drake Relays presented by Hy-Vee Apr 25-28, 2018
Drake Relays presented by Hy-Vee Apr 25-28, 2018
Drake Relays presented by Hy-Vee Apr 25-28, 2018
Lindenwood Dual Apr 24, 2018
Lindenwood Dual Apr 24, 2018
Mo. S&T Dewey Allgood Invite Apr 21, 2018
UCM Mule Relays Apr 20, 2018
UCM Mule Relays Apr 20, 2018
Illinois State Redbird Invitational Apr 14, 2018
SBU Invite Apr 7, 2018
SBU Invite Apr 7, 2018
Lindenwood John Creer Invitational Mar 30-31, 2018
Lindenwood John Creer Invitational Mar 30-31, 2018
Wash U Mini Meet Mar 24, 2018
Wash U Mini Meet Mar 24, 2018
4 x 400 Relay
NCAA Division II Outdoor Track & Field Championships May 24-26, 2018
NCAA Division II Outdoor Track & Field Championships May 24-26, 2018
2018 MIAA Outdoor Championships May 4-6, 2018
2018 Drake Relays presented by Hy-Vee Apr 25-28, 2018
2018 Drake Relays presented by Hy-Vee Apr 25-28, 2018
Drake Relays presented by Hy-Vee Apr 25-28, 2018
Drake Relays presented by Hy-Vee Apr 25-28, 2018
Lindenwood Dual Apr 24, 2018
UCM Mule Relays Apr 20, 2018
SBU Invite Apr 7, 2018
Lindenwood John Creer Invitational Mar 30-31, 2018
Wash U Mini Meet Mar 24, 2018

2018 Indoors

2017 XC

2017 Outdoors

400 Hurdles
NCAA Division II Outdoor Track & Field Championships May 25-27, 2017
NCAA Division II Outdoor Track & Field Championships May 25-27, 2017
NCAA Division II Outdoor Track & Field Championships May 25-27, 2017
MIAA Outdoor Championships May 5-7, 2017
MIAA Outdoor Championships May 5-7, 2017
MIAA Outdoor Championships May 5-7, 2017
2017 Drake Relays presented by Hy-Vee Apr 26-29, 2017
2017 Drake Relays presented by Hy-Vee Apr 26-29, 2017
Kansas Relays Apr 19-22, 2017
Kansas Relays Apr 19-22, 2017
Kansas Relays Apr 19-22, 2017
Kansas Relays Apr 19-22, 2017
WJC Darrel Gourley Open Apr 15, 2017
WJC Darrel Gourley Open Apr 15, 2017
Gateway Classic Apr 8, 2017
Lindenwood John Creer Invitational Apr 1, 2017
DNF
Wash U Mini Meet Mar 24, 2017
4 x 400 Relay
NCAA Division II Outdoor Track & Field Championships May 25-27, 2017
NCAA Division II Outdoor Track & Field Championships May 25-27, 2017
MIAA Outdoor Championships May 5-7, 2017
2017 Drake Relays presented by Hy-Vee Apr 26-29, 2017
2017 Drake Relays presented by Hy-Vee Apr 26-29, 2017
Kansas Relays Apr 19-22, 2017
Kansas Relays Apr 19-22, 2017
WJC Darrel Gourley Open Apr 15, 2017
Sprint Medley Relay
2017 Drake Relays presented by Hy-Vee Apr 26-29, 2017

2017 Indoors

400 Meters
Hillsdale "Wide-Track" Classic Feb 3-4, 2017
Pittsburg State Invitational Jan 28, 2017
Crimson & Gold Invitational Dec 10, 2016
600 Meters
2017 Hoosier Hills Feb 10, 2017
600 Yards
MIAA Indoor Track & Field Championships Feb 24-26, 2017
MIAA Indoor Track & Field Championships Feb 24-26, 2017
800 Meters
Missouri Invitational Jan 20, 2017
4 x 400 Relay
NCAA Division II Indoor Track & Field Championships Mar 9-11, 2017
MIAA Indoor Track & Field Championships Feb 24-26, 2017
2017 Nebraska Tune-Up Feb 17, 2017
2017 Hoosier Hills Feb 10, 2017
Hillsdale "Wide-Track" Classic Feb 3-4, 2017
DNF
Pittsburg State Invitational Jan 28, 2017
Missouri Invitational Jan 20, 2017
Crimson & Gold Invitational Dec 10, 2016

2016 XC

2016 Outdoors

400 Hurdles
Central Methodist Open Mar 19, 2016

2016 Indoors

400 Meters
2016 MIAA Indoor Championships Feb 26-28, 2016
Missouri Collegiate Challenge Feb 19, 2016
Crimson & Gold Invitational Dec 5, 2015
600 Yards
MSSU Southern Invite Jan 22-23, 2016
800 Meters
2016 MIAA Indoor Championships Feb 26-28, 2016
2016 MIAA Indoor Championships Feb 26-28, 2016
Fred Wilt Invitational Feb 13, 2016
UCM Mule Relays Feb 5-6, 2016
Pittsburg State Invitational Jan 29, 2016
Missouri Invitational Jan 15, 2016
4 x 400 Relay
Fred Wilt Invitational Feb 13, 2016
UCM Mule Relays Feb 5-6, 2016
MSSU Southern Invite Jan 22-23, 2016
Missouri Invitational Jan 15, 2016
Crimson & Gold Invitational Dec 5, 2015
Distance Medley Relay
Missouri Collegiate Challenge Feb 19, 2016
2016 Hoosier Hills Invitational Feb 12, 2016
Pittsburg State Invitational Jan 29, 2016
MSSU Southern Invite Jan 22-23, 2016

2015 XC

400 Meters (Indoor)
2018  
Dec 7-8, 2018
2017  
2016  
Feb 26-28, 2016
600 Meters (Indoor)
2017  
Feb 10, 2017
600 Yards (Indoor)
2019  
2018  
2017  
2016  
Jan 22-23, 2016
800 Meters (Indoor)
2018  
Dec 7-8, 2018
2018  
2017  
Jan 20, 2017
2016  
Feb 26-28, 2016
5k (XC)
2018  
2017  
2016  
2015  
6k (XC)
2018  
2017  
2016  
2015  
60 Hurdles (Indoor)
2017  
100 Hurdles (Outdoor)
2018  
17.05 (-2.3)
Apr 24, 2018
400 Hurdles (Outdoor)
2019  
May 3-5, 2019
2018  
2017  
May 5-7, 2017
2016  
Mar 19, 2016